The Task Manager on a Windows PC could be renamed as the Knight in shining armor and most users might just appreciate it even. If you’ve ever used a Windows PC for a long enough time you know what I’m talking about. Since I remember, from Windows XP and even Windows 7 and 8, programs becoming unresponsive was a real problem. There would be no other way to kill it but use the Task Manager. Often it gets so bad that most of the things,¬†including the taskbar, become unresponsive. Task Manager to the rescue again. I don’t remember this happening a lot to me, since I switched to Windows 10, perhaps because it takes care of those itself. Ubuntu, or even other Linux systems, aren’t immune to this problem.
It doesn’t happen as often but it does on some random rare occasions. In Ubuntu, these program windows get grayed out but you still can’t close them or anything. Unlike Windows, you don’t even have a taskbar to right-click on and select Task Manager. You can’t use Ctrl+Alt+Del because it brings the log off screen instead. If you search for the Task Manager in the Unity dash or using any other tools you may have installed, you won’t find it either. That does not mean Ubuntu lacks a Task Manager though. Instead, the Task Manager in Ubuntu is known as System Monitor. It’s a little lacking in features compared to the new Task Manager introduced in Windows 8, which is used on Windows 10. But System Monitor on Ubuntu does do the job of managing tasks quite perfectly.
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How to use System Monitor (Task Manager) in Ubuntu
- Launch the System Monitor by either searching for it or by typing the following command in a terminal window.
- When opened, you’ll notice it is divided into three tabs:¬†Processes, Resources, and File Systems.¬†
- The Processes tab shows a list of all the currently running processes along with their¬†Process ID, CPU,¬†and Memory usage. It also shows the priority of the process which is something the Windows Task Manager doesn’t do.
- To close an unresponsive program or a process, right-click on it and you will get a number of options. You can choose to either Stop, Continue,¬†End, or Kill a process.¬†
- Stop Process: Sends a¬†pause signal, does not kill the process so you can continue at a later time.
- Continue Process: Lets you continue a stopped process.
- End Process:¬† Sends a termination signal, meaning the application is allowed to intercept this signal and initiate shutdown tasks such as saving a file and cleaning up temporary files before shutting down. It is the recommended way to close an unresponsive program.
- Kill Process:¬†Not hard to guess, it sends a¬†kill signal which immediately kills a process. It’s better to use this only when End process doesn’t work.
- Select any of the available choices and the magic wand will be waived.
- In case you’re feeling adventurous, click on the other two tabs: Resources and File Systems as well to see what they hold.
- The¬†Resources tab displays the resource analytics for the system such as¬†CPU History, Memory and Swap History and Network History.¬†
- The File Systems tab simply shows information about the different drives, internal or external. Information such as Type, Total Size, Available and Used Disk size.¬†
Assing a keyboard shortcut to System Monitor
- Open Keyboard utility from the Unity dash or just go to System Settings > Keyboard.¬†
- In the Shortcuts tab, click on the + button and a small pop up window opens up. Here you can give it a name and in the command field enter¬†gnome-system-monitor. Click Apply.
- Click where it says¬†Disabled now and then press the key combination you want to use. If you prefer, you can press Ctrl+Alt+Delete as well. You will be warned that this shortcut is already assigned for¬†Log Out, just click on Reassign.
If you are using another desktop environment with Ubuntu, such as KDE Plasma, the process can be a little different for you.
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